Hinduism is the third largest religion of the world. The followers are known as Hindus and it holds 15-16% of the world population. Hinduism contains various philosophies associated with cosmology, shared concepts, pilgrimage to sacred sites and recognisable rituals.
Even in Hinduism, the purpose of life is also beautifully described. In Hinduism, human life is not only about getting into this world but it is also about living a blissful life, enjoying the blessings, and leading towards the end, i.e., death. Hinduism is a religion which is a blend of rituals, beliefs, and philosophy. The purpose of life in Hinduism is defined in different ways. Let’s have a look at them in detail.
Hinduism Way of Life
If you believe everything happens for a reason, then God too had created this universe for a reason. In Hinduism, the true purpose or meaning of life holds in the purpose of God. Human life would be absurd if there will be no purpose in life. Different people have different perspectives and they see their lives as they think. Some people believe that life is all about love. Some believe life is about religious practices. For some, life is about learning and exploring new things. For philosophers, life is all about happiness.
Undoubtedly, there is a purpose of life and an objective of human existence. Happiness is basically the outcome of having a meaningful and grateful life. But the concept is not always applicable. There are people who may not be happy even after having a meaningful life, like those who are struggling for a job while raising a family.
Purpose of Life
Having a goal in life is the biggest attribute. It is something that keeps human beings motivated to keep moving and wondering what would happen next in their lives. Whatever role anyone plays, a certain goal and hope are reasons for him to live his life.
According to Hinduism (the oldest and complex religion), the purpose of life encourages four universal goals – Dharma, Kama, Artha, and Moksha. One has to achieve all these goals for a meaningful life. Let’s have a brief description of each goal to understand the purpose of life:
Dharma means to act righteously and virtuously. It means to act ethically and morally throughout one’s life span. Hindus believe that they are born to repay the debts of the God and other human beings. And it is their Dharma to repay this debt. According to Hinduism, there are five different debts.
- Debt to God for their blessings
- Debt to teachers and parents
- Debts to other human beings
- Debts to guests
- Debt to all living things.
The Kama defines sexuality, desires, enjoyment, and pleasures. It stands for a wide range of pleasures such as enjoying music, dance, arts, writing, and sexual pleasure in life.
Artha means success and prosperity. It clearly shows that a Hindu must strive for prosperity in any given challenge or activity along with reaching career and social goals. It uplifts the gaining of wealth by considering a legal way.
Last but not the least, moksha which means enlightenment. This is the last but most essential goal a person needs to meet in his life within Hinduism. It is believed that the cycle of rebirth in this universe ends with moksha. That’s why moksha is the final goal a Hindu should target in his life. An individual who overcomes desires and gains enlightenment can attain Moksha in his life.
This specifies that the Hindu religion gives its followers a set of targets or goals to reach in life and following these goals adds a purpose to each follower’s life. As per Hinduism, if someone is not considering these four goals, it means he is living a meaningless life. Overall, the meaning of life in Hinduism is to live righteously and reach worldly progress without harming the environment and eventually overcome the duality into eternal reality.